The depiction of Bishop Stanisław Łubieński in a mozzetta with a long beard was part of the Royal Castle’s historic collections. Alongside the sculptures of Chronos and Fame, as well as a series of bronze busts of famous Polish personages and the painted decoration, it constitutes the iconographic scheme for the Knights’ Hall which was furnished in the years 1781–6 and was intended to commemorate distinguished individuals as well as glorious events in Polish history.
Signed by the bronze founder IOHANN EHRENFRIED DIETRICH / GOSS MICH IN WARSCHAU /DEN 29. JANUAR 1782 on back, under the bust
Inscribed LUBIENSKI on front, under the bust
Inscribed STAN. ŁUBIENSKI / + MDCXL. in gold letters on front of base.
The sculpture is one of 18 smaller busts that were placed in the Knights’ Hall.
While the intention of the designers of the iconographical scheme for the Knights’ Hall was to commemorate Stanisław Łubieński, Bishop of Płock and historian, there is every indication that, as in the case of Paweł Działyński, the iconographical sources used for making the sculpture were incorrect. The bust does not depict Stanisław Łubieński but Maciej Łubieński (1572–1652), Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland. The Primate’s characteristic facial features visible in this bust, i.e. the large nose, deep sunken eyes, the skin defects on his cheeks are also evident in prints portraying him, including an etching by Jeremias Falck dating from 1652.
Stanisław Łubieński of the Pomian coat of arms (1573–1649). Son of Świętosław and Barbara née Zapolska. Clergyman and historian. Vice-chancellor of the Crown, Bishop of Łuck from 1622, Bishop of Płock from 1627. Author of many historic texts including one on the reign of Zygmunt III.